The bald bonsai tree is one of the best species to grow as a bonsai specimen. The botanical name for the bald cypress is “Taxodium distichum”. It can reach a height of about 40 meters when left to grow in nature. The diameter of the trunk varies between 2 to 3 meters. On rare occasions, the diameter can also reach 5 meters in some trees. These trees are also known to live for almost a 1000 years. They are found in the US states from Delaware to Texas in the south all the way up to Mississippi and Missouri in the north.
The bald cypress tree is excellent bonsai material since it is a hardy tree which doesn’t require a lot of attention and is easy to take care of. It is also an ideal species for beginners to learn the bonsai art on, since it is quite easy to cultivate this tree. With very little effort and botanical skills, beginners can achieve quite impressive results with the bald cypress bonsai. It is also quite often simply called the bald bonsai.
The cypress tree grows naturally in the swampy Southern regions of the United States. However, you can grow the bald bonsai in any region. It also adapts well to the indoors. The tree however needs a lot of sunlight to grow well. Therefore, even if you plan to grow the bald bonsai indoors, choose an ideal location where the tree will get plenty of sunlight.
The bonsai version of the bald cypress tree usually grows to a height of 25 cm, which is almost a 160th scale of the full size tree. Although most species of trees from this family do not shed their leaves in winter, the bald cypress does. This is the reason it is called by this particular name. The bark of the tree ranges from reddish brown to a grey color. Small branches, which are also called branchlets, grow about 2mm apart to a length of about 1 to 2 cm.
The best soil for cypress trees is alluvial soil, which is usually found near large water bodies. The tree cannot grow in brackish coastal waters, but can tolerate some amount of salinity in the water. The tree grows fastest in warmer climates down south. Although it can also grow in colder regions in the north, the only problem that the tree faces is the ice, which can damage the seeds.
Although it is better to repot bonsai plants during spring when they have a chance to adapt and grow, the bald bonsai is best transplanted when it is dormant during the winter months. Due to its dormancy, it is not necessary to fertilize the plant in winter. However, you need to fertilize it weekly in spring. You can also grow the plant in a swamp-like environment for best results.
Since the bald bonsai is an extremely easy tree to grow using bonsai techniques, it is ideal for beginners who are learning the art of bonsai. The tree also adapts itself well to different conditions, which makes it convenient for a beginner to deal with.